Back to Basics: WSIS and Human Rights
Human Rights in the Information Society (HRIS) Caucus
July 16, 2003
Address to the intersessional meeting of July 15-18, 2003, Paris, FranceExactly 10 years ago, in Vienna at the World Conference on Human Rights, over 170 governments reaffirmed their commitment to Human Rights. As governments, you collectively stated that Human Rights are universal, indivisible, interrelated and interdependent. You agreed that their protection is the first responsibility of governments. Today, as we debate the challenges of the information and communication society, let us not forget what we have already agreed upon.
Human rights is not a sectoral issue, relevant to certain stakeholders only. Human Rights are one of the essential purposes of the United Nations, according to its Charter. The advent of information and communication technologies offers both opportunities and threats for those rights. If this Summit fails to reaffirm the centrality of Human Rights to its deliberations, we will have not only missed an opportunity, we will have sacrificed the civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights that we all hold dear.
We welcome the references to Human Rights in the draft Declaration of Principles. However, human rights should figure prominently throughout both the Declaration of Principles and the Plan of Action and means should be devised to effectively enforce them.
We support the reference to Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Paragraph 10 of the draft Declaration of Principles, but this article must not only be affirmed, but also enforced. As we sit here in Paris, countless individuals in various parts of the world are detained simply for exercising, through ICTs, their basic democratic rights to freedom of expression and freedom of association.
Privacy, a human right enshrined in international law which encounters specific challenges with the introduction of ICTs. Its protection will require strong language in Paragraph 52 of the Declaration of Principles and Chapters 5 and 6 of the Plan of Action. This is not an ethical or moral issue, it is a fundamental human right.
In the name of a war against terrorism and with the pretension of increasing our security, human rights are being violated: right to a fair trial, presumption of innocence, equality before the law, freedom of assembly and association, freedom of movement and freedom from all forms of discrimination.
We don't need a culture of security, we need the security of cultures. That means that everyone, without discrimination, must be able to freely exercise their cultural rights and to use their own languages. ICTs will facilitate the realization of the right to education and knowledge only if fair and equitable access is within reach. That is the essence of a right to communicate.
"Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized. That is the promise of Article 28 of the UDHR. The World Summit of Information Society must not betray it.
Contacts in Paris for Human Rights Caucus
Diana Bronson, Rikke Frank Jorgensen, Meryem Marzouki
Web site and mailing list of the HRIS caucus: www.iris.sgdg.org/actions/smsi/hr-wsis/
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